Radiocarbon dating of the shroud of turin nature
Physical Examination of the Shroud FACT: The shroud is a linen cloth measuring 4.6 x 1.1 meters corresponding to a standard measurement of 8 x 2 Philetaric cubits in use in Palestine during the first century.FACT: The shroud contains pollen grains from 58 species of plants, 17 indigenous to Europe where the artifact has been for 7 centuries and the majority being plants indigenous, some exclusively, to the area of the Dead Sea and Turkey.FACT: The iron oxide, abundant on the linen of the shroud is not the remnant of artists pigment. Adler then proceeded to apply microspectrophotometric analysis of a "blood particle" from one of the fibrils of the shroud and unmistakeably identified hemoglobin in the acid methemoglobin form due to great age and denaturation.Further tests by Heller and Adler established, within scientific certainty, the presence of porphyrin, bilirubin, albumin and protein.The ghostly, sepia colored image is nearly imperceptable close-up but discernable at a distance.It was not until the first photographs were taken of the shroud in 1898 by Turin Councillor Secondo Pia that the negative plates revealed the startling "positive" of the clear picture of the "man in the shroud." The image is of a male, almost 6 tall, bearded, severely abused and scourged with the distinctive "dumbell" markings of a Roman flagrum.
Sindon 26, 33, 1984, pp 9-13; Baima Bollone, P., Massaro, A. Shroud Spectrum 6, 1983, pp 3-6.) It is significant that analysis of the blood of the cloth demonstrated high levels of bilirubin consistent with the severe concussive beating suggested by the image of the "man of the shroud." The 1988 Radiocarbon Dating of the Shroud Radiocarbon dating is the use of accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) to measure the amount of C14, a radioactive isotope of carbon.
These include Nyoscyamus aureus, Artemisia herba-alba and Onosma syriacum. Image on the Shroud The shadowy image on the shroud is, of course, its most unique and enigmatic feature.